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Business Consulting, Logistics, Technology Service & Project Development in Mongolia

Mongolia in Brief

POPULATION AND SOCIETY - Traditionally nomadic people, increasingly urbanized

The population of Mongolia is reported to be about 2.7 million and is relatively homogenous in terms of ethnicity, language and religion. There are 29 ethnic groups, all of whom are the descendants of either Mongolian nomadic tribes or groups of Turkic origin who have become Mongolized over time. Khalkh Mongols constitute 86% of the population. Language or tribal differences are not a political or social issue. Mongolians are a peaceful nation.

It is also a young country with more than 60 per cent of the population below the age of 30. This relatively young and growing population places pressure on the economy of Mongolia. About 40% of the population lives in Ulaanbaatar, and 23% live in Darkhan, Erdenet, and other capital and aimag permanent villages. About 30% of households in Mongolia live in countries. Most breeders in Mongolia follow the pattern of pastoral nomadic or semi-nomadic.
The primary, official language is Khalkha Mongolian, a member of the Altai language family, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet, and is spoken by 90% of the population. A variety of different dialects are spoken across the country. In the west the Kazakh and Tuvan languages, among others, are also spoken. English has been gradually replacing Russian as the second language. Other foreign languages such as Japanese, German, Korean, Chinese and French, is studying.